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Salerno
Verdi Theater • Salerno
The construction of the Verdi Theater in Salerno, based on a project by Antonio D'Amora and Giuseppe Menichini, began in 1864. Inaugurated in 1872, in 1901 the theater was named after Verdi. Damaged by the earthquake of 1980, it was renovated and re-inaugurated in 1994. Theater of tradition since 2013, the Verdi is managed by the Municipality of Salerno.

Season

In addition to the Opera, Ballet and Concerts Season, the Theater now hosts theater seasons, reviews, concerts, appointments for young people, workshops, research seasons.

Before the Verdi Theater, another theater had been active in Salerno, born from the transformation of the church of S. Benedetto, deconsecrated with the advent of the Napoleonic laws which had also suppressed the adjacent monastery. Open 11th November 1811 with the name of Real Teatro S. Gioacchino (the authorization decree was due to Gioacchino Murat), become Real Teatro S. Matteo after 1815, it remained in business until 1845, when by order of King Ferdinand II it was closed, the building returned to the ecclesiastical authority and reopened for worship.

The closure of the S. Matteo Theater had already been decreed in 1843, and since then there was the intention to build a new building, but discussions began for decades: on the choice of the site (the Largo di S. Teresa or the Largo della barrier outside Portanova), on projects and planners, on finding of funds. The debates, the problems connected with financing, the slowness of the Bourbon bureaucracy prevented the construction of the new theater for twenty years.

The intricate affair was resolved only after the constitution of the Kingdom of Italy. December 15 1863 the City Council, due to the firm will of the new Mayor Matteo Luciani, approved the construction of the theater in the area of Santa Teresa. The works were started on 1 April 1864.

To draw up the final project were Antonino D'Amora, chief engineer of the Civil Engineers of Salerno, and the architect Giuseppe Menichini, who was also entrusted with the direction of the works. For the hall of the theater the designers took up the plan and proportions of the San Carlo Theater in Naples, reduced in scale and adapted. The decoration works were directed by Gaetano D'Agostino, well-known painter and decorator, who was joined by the most prestigious names in the Neapolitan artistic world, including Domenico Morelli, author of sketch for the sumptuous curtain with the representation of the historian Expulsion of the Saracens in 871 AD, Pasquale Di Criscito, who made the painting of the plafond depicting Rossini, characters from his works and musical allegories, Ignazio Perricci, Giuseppe Sciuti. Also worth mentioning Giovan Battista Amendola, author of the sculpture depicting Pergolesi dying placed in the peristyle.

The Theater was inaugurated the April 15, 1872 with the performance of Rigoletto, and on 27 March 1901 came named after Giuseppe Verdi, who died on January 27 of the same year.

Severely damaged and rendered unusable by earthquake of the 1980, the Verdi Theater was closed for almost 14 years. Completed the restructuring, it was re-inaugurated on July 6 1994. The restoration brought to light relevant historical-artistic details of the building, which is one of the few perfectly preserved nineteenth-century theaters with a wooden structure.

January 22 1997 the staging of Verdi's Falstaff, played by the baritone Rolando Panerai, inaugurates the first Opera Season in the recent history of the theater, an event to which the foundation of the Opera Choir. In 2007, with the appointment of Daniel Oren as artistic director, the theater regains an international dimension.

Listed among the Traditional Italian theaters from the 2013, the Verdi Theater is managed directly by Municipality of Salerno.

Verdi Theater • Salerno
Among artists best known who performed at the Verdi Theater in Salerno between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Enrico Caruso and the baritone Titta Ruffo at the beginning of their respective careers, then Toti Dal Monte, Galliano Masini, Gina Cigna, Rosetta Pampanini (aunt of the actress Silvana) , Beniamino Gigli, Tito Gobbi and many others. For the prose, to remember Memo Benassi, Renzo Ricci and Eva Magni, Salvo Randone, Achille Millo directed by Vittorio De Sica and Franco Parenti.
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