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Pergolesi Theater • Jesi
The Pergolesi Theater in Jesi, one of the most important historical theaters in the Marche, was designed by Francesco M. Ciaraffoni and Cosimo Morelli. Inaugurated in 1798 as the Teatro della Concordia, it was named after Pergolesi in 1883. Acquired by the Municipality in 1929, since 1968 it has been a Theater of Tradition and since 2005 it has been managed by the Pergolesi Spontin Foundation

Season

The Pergolesi Spontini Foundation takes care of the Opera season of the Pergolesi Theater, including opera, ballet, concerts, and annually organizes the Pergolesi Spontini Festival. G.estates the activities of the Studio V. Moriconi Theater of Jesi with the annex Study Center, organizes and promotes Theatrical Seasons in the Theaters of Jesi and Maiolati Spontini. And then publisher musical is training agency, promotes seminars, research and musicological studies through the Pergolesian Studies Committee and the Spontinian Studies Committee; realizes projects of training of the public and of social theater.

Other rooms or locations

Studio Theater Valeria Moriconi, Jesi -
Gaspare Spontini Theater, Maiolati Spontini

Academy

Courses and workshops for children, teenagers, schools, disadvantaged people

Museum space

Pergolesian Halls and Spontinian Hall

The Pergolesi Theater it was built on the initiative of the patrician families of Jesi, with the support of the pontifical governor, the prelate Pietro Gravina dei Grandi di Spagna, a leading exponent of the Palermo nobility. The old Theater of the Lion - among the first of the Marche - just outside the walls, built at his own expense by the painter and architect from Jesi Domenico Luigi Valeri in the years 1728 - 1731, was now obsolete. Judged "inelegant" as well as "very uncomfortable and dangerous", the building was felt inadequate and unsuitable for the new performances.

In 1790 the decision was made to build a new theater for the city of Jesi. To finance the work - with an estimated cost of 16,000 scudi (the actual amount was then 24,000) - a "condominium" was set up consisting of 54 noble citizens who signed the purchase of the boxes, 100 in all, divided into four orders.

The design of the new Concordia Theater - as it was initially called - was entrusted to Francesco Maria Ciaraffoni of Fano, but was extensively revised by the pontifical architect, Imola Cosimo Morelli, one of the most experienced and respected specialists in theatrical design. Morelli enlarged the plan and the proscenium, and it is to him that we owe the definition of the large elliptical curve of the hall, on which its excellent acoustics depend.

Two great exponents of Neoclassicism, the architect, were called for the interior decoration Giovanni Antonio Antolini (author of the famous Foro Bonaparte in Milan, never built), who was responsible for the scenic-furnishing design of the theater, and the painter Felice Giani, which together with the ornatista Gaetano Bartolani and aid Francesco Micarelli is Giuseppe Guiducci he created the decorations and paintings, including the Stories of Apollo on the vault of the room.

The new Jesino theater came inaugurated in the carnival of 1798, but not in the presence of the noble financiers as much as the people and the Jacobins, who in the meantime had invaded the city following the Napoleonic victory and the Treaty of Campoformio (17 October 1797). For the occasion they were represented three operas, two of Marc'Antonio Portugal The chimney sweep prince is The confusions of similarity or Li due gobbi and the third The correct capricious of Vicente Martin y Soler.

During the nineteenth century there were still other interventions: the arrangement of the square in front, towards the 1828, extension works, with the addition of six boxes in the proscenium, between 1834 and 1837 (years in which the Concordia was closed), the installation in 1839 of the monumental clock on the facade, financed by Prince Beauharnais following the warm welcome received the year before during his visit to Jesi.

In 1850 the painter from Jesi Luigi Mancini made the curtain (restored in 1995), depicting, with the romantic taste for historical re-enactment, the entrance of Frederick II to Jesi, where the great Swabian emperor was born in 1194 and which he loved to call "my Bethlehem". In reality, this return to the hometown - which the legend dates back to 1220 - seems to never have happened.

In 1883 the theater came titled to Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, in homage to the famous composer born in Jesi in 1770 and who died very young in Pozzuoli in 1736, after a short and glorious artistic parable.

In the following years, the lyric tradition of the theater experienced moments of stasis, due to the emergence of light shows (operettas, café concerts, film screenings), the need for consolidation interventions (in particular the roof), and war events.

The difficult economic management led the condominium owners to sell the theater. The Pergolesi was acquired by the Municipality in 1929, assuming all related charges and liabilities, for the amount of 247,460 lire.

However, theatrical activity did not experience a significant revival until between 1934 and 1942 (one can recall a successful edition of Barber of Seville in '34, with Mercedes Capsir is Giovanni Manurita, directed by Riccardo Zandonai it's a Rigoletto in '42 with Gino Bechi), after which hiccup periods of closure followed. In 1947 the theater reopened, also hosting famous artists, such as Welcome Franci (in the'Andrea Chénier), Clara Petrella is Bruno Landi (in But not by Massenet, in '49), Mafalda Favero is Aldo Protti (in Bohème, in '50), the very young Renata Scotto, who in 1953 faced one of his future warhorses for the first time, Madama Butterfly. In 1960, on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of the birth of Pergolesi, a lucky staging of his comic opera was hosted The monk nnammured directed by Franco Zeffirelli, coming from the Teatro alla Scala, which in '68 also brought his corps de ballet to Jesi for a show with Carla Fracci.

The 1968 it was a decisive year for the Pergolesi Theater, which thanks to the interest of the artistic director Carlo Perucci, obtained the recognition of "Theater of Tradition“, A particularly significant qualification also because it has never been assigned before to a theater located in a city that is not a provincial capital. Since then, the Jesi theater has regularly scheduled its opera season - with usual concert and ballet appointments - in the autumn period.

Since summer 2005 there Pergolesi Spontini Foundation deals with the management of the theater by organizing artistic events and many other activities within it, thus enriching and developing its remarkable artistic and cultural heritage.

Pergolesi Theater • Jesi

Academy or Training School

Courses and workshops for children, teenagers, schools, disadvantaged people
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