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San Carlo Theater
The Real Teatro di San Carlo, also known as Teatro di San Carlo or Teatro San Carlo, more simply called San Carlo, is the opera house of Naples, one of the most famous and prestigious in the world.

Founded in 1737, it is the second oldest opera house in Europe and in the world to be still active, after the Manoel theater in Malta founded in 1932. First Italian theater to establish a school for dance; anticipates the Teatro alla Scala in Milan by 41 years and the Teatro La Fenice in Venice by 55 years.
Initially it was the seat exclusively of the serious work; the comic opera was given in other locations in the city, such as the Mercadante Theater (at the time called "Fondo dei Lucri") or the San Bartolomeo or the Teatro dei Fiorentini.
In the early years the composers who exhibited their works on the stage were purely those of the Neapolitan school, coming from the conservatories of the city. These were above all: Leonardo Leo, Niccolò Porpora, Leonardo Vinci, Johann Adolf Hasse, Gaetano Latilla, Niccolò Jommelli, Baldassarre Galuppi, Niccolò Piccinni, Antonio Maria Gaspare Sacchini, Carlo Broschi, Tommaso Traetta, Giacomo Tritto, Giovanni Paisiello and Domenico Sarro.
Among the singers there are the names of the Thesis, Amorevoli, Anna De Amicis, Celeste Coltellini and Gaetano Majorano.
From 1815 to 1822, the musical director of the theater was Gioachino Rossini who in that period lived one of his most important and prolific seasons. Both the presence of Rossini and Mayr, on the reopening day, was essentially due to the skill of Domenico Barbaja, the greatest impresario in Italy and perhaps in Europe.
During the second part of the reign of Ferdinand II the grip of censorship became tighter in the artistic life of the theater. After the title change of Bellini's opera Bianca and Fernando to “Bianca e Gernando”, there were other complaints which this time tormented the relationship with Giuseppe Verdi. In fact, the staging of two important Verdi operas was initially prohibited, such as Il Trovatore in 1853 and Un ballo inevale (with the name of “Una vendetta in domino”) in 1859.
The activity of the theater in the first half of the twentieth century, although strongly marked by the two wars which caused, among other things, various damage to the structure, is affected by the trend that is rampant in the international music scene. In fact, the great tenors, musicians and conductors have over time taken the place of compositions.
In the first half of the century, based on a design by Michele Platania, a foyer was created on the side facing the gardens of the royal palace. Rebuilt after the Second World War (as it was destroyed during the bombings in 1943), the environment in addition to welcoming spectators during the intervals of the operas, is also used as a room where small musical or vocal concerts, meetings, events or gala dinners.
After the Second World War, the Theater was the first in Italy to reopen.

San Carlo Theater

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