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Who are the women conductors in the history of music?
Women have often struggled to emerge in the world of conducting, but some have managed to break through this glass ceiling and become conductors.
Women have gained an increasingly important place in music, not only as singers, violinists or pianists, but also as conductors. However, until a few decades ago, conducting was considered an exclusively male profession. Let's see who were the first women who challenged the social and cultural conventions of their time by becoming conductors.

The first woman to lead an orchestra was Émilie Juliette Marie Bigot, better known as Madame Marie. In 1898, Madame Marie performed with the Orchestra of the Société des Concerts du Conservatoire in Paris, becoming the first woman to conduct a symphony orchestra.

Another important figure in the history of women conductors is Chiquinha Gonzaga, a Brazilian pianist and composer born in 1847. Gonzaga conducted the orchestra of the National School of Music in Rio de Janeiro in 1905, becoming the first woman to conduct an orchestra in Brazil.

The French Nadia Boulanger she was one of the most important composition teachers of the 20th century, but she also conducted some of the most prestigious orchestras in the world. In 1938, Boulanger conducted the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, becoming the first woman to conduct this orchestra.

Another woman who has marked the history of conducting is Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragette. In 1910, Smyth conducted the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, becoming the first woman to conduct an orchestra in Germany.

Finally, the German Marie Schipper, known as Madame Schipel, was the first woman to conduct the Orchestra of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden in Berlin in 1919.

Past examples of female conductors are extremely rare, but recent years have seen a marked improvement in the number of women on orchestra podiums around the world. In the UK, Jane Glover, Sian Edwards and Andrea Quinn all made their mark in the last years of the 20th century and today Marin Alsop, JoAnn Falletta, Simone Young and Mirga Gražinyte Tyla can rightly be described as familiar to many viewers.

There is more

In Italy, conducting an orchestra has always been considered an exclusively male job, but today there are some women who are trying to change this trend. However, the ratio of male to female directors is still skewed, with around 600 men to 20 women. Among the new generations of female conductors, Speranza Scappucci stands out, born in 1973, who studied between Rome and New York.

Among the other Italian conductors are Isabella Ambrosini, director of the Roma Sinfonica Orchestra and of the Roma Choir, who has received numerous awards and recognitions, including the prestigious "Grand Prix de direction d'orchester". Furthermore, taking care of your personal image has become important to make yourself known, and some women such as Gianna Fratta, who directed the Berliner Symphoniker, and Beatrice Venezi, are testimonials of famous companies, and today true icons.

Acclaimed by international critics, she is considered one of the most interesting conductors of the new generation. In addition to directing Maria Luisa Macellaro La Franca is an established pianist, her repertoire ranges from ancient music on period instruments to modern music. Born in Sicily, she currently lives in France and devotes herself to conducting, composition and piano. His musical curriculum ranges from baroque to pop music, passing through Celtic and Latin American music.

She was also the first woman to conduct the Orchestra of the Teatro Massimo in Palermo, one of the most important opera houses in Italy.

But his passion for music doesn't stop at conducting. As a composer she has written operas, ballets, film music and more. Macellaro La Franca represents an example of excellence for women in a field traditionally dominated by men. His career and his commitment are an inspiration for new generations of musicians and musicians who want to make a difference in the world of music.

Other information

Ukraine, 43, Oksana Lyniv took to the podium with her baton for the first time at just 16, and was the first woman in history, after 145 years of men, to conduct the orchestra of the Bayreuth Festival dedicated to Wagner, destroying long-standing barriers and prejudices.

Speranza Scappucci has conducted the Dutch Radio Philharmonic Orchestra at the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam, the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, the Philharmonic Orchestra of Denmark, the Prag Philharmonia, the Orchestra Regionale della Toscana, the Orchestra del Teatro Lirico di Cagliari, the Arturo Toscanini Philharmonic Orchestra of Parma. the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino Orchestra, the Nancy Symphony Orchestra, the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, The St. Luke Orchestra, The Julliard Orchestra in New York and the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra.
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